Also known as multiple myeloma, this is a type of cancer that develops in the cells in the bone marrow and affects cells called plasma cells. Plasma cells are important in the process of fighting infection. In myeloma patients, the affected plasma cells produce too much of a certain type of antibody and not enough of another type. The type that become scarce are those most important for immunity.
The affected plasma cells, crowd out the healthy cells and as there is bone marrow in multiple parts of the body, the condition springs up in multiple locations. This is why the disease is sometimes called Multiple Myeloma.
Modern cancer treatments including immunotherapy are effective for this disease as they’ve become more targeted and allow doctors to unlock and enhance the patient’s own immune response.
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